The following press release will be circulated this week to various media publications in NZ. Your help with its circulation and dissemination would be appreciated.
PUTTING CARBON BACK INTO SOIL
In a world having too much carbon in the atmosphere and obsessed about expensive and dangerous technologies for it’s removal, it is comforting to know that a form of charcoal has now been accepted by the IPCC as a useful tool in the fight against climate change.
Biochar is charcoal which can be used to lift productivity in agriculture and as a long-lived carbon store in soils. It can be used to enhance water quality and as a bioremediation tool for contaminated soils. The production of biochar can also deliver secondary bioenergy benefits and deal with many types of ‘liability’ biomass. Biochar has attracted worldwide attention as a Negative Emissions Technology (NET) in the latest IPCC report, presented at COP24. Biochar has been identified as having positive impacts on 12 of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals.
A growing number of New Zealand farmers are becoming interested in making and using Biochar, leading to a new organisation is being formed, Biochar Network New Zealand (BNNZ), which will have its Inaugural General Meeting in Pukekohe on 14 February.
BNNZ is planning to promote and support activities that provide widespread awareness, understanding and acceptance of Biochar in New Zealand, leading to a diverse range of production and application scenarios for the benefit of New Zealand’s agriculture, industry and environment.
The BNNZ IGM will take place at 10am on 14 February 2019 at the Reid Anderson Lounge, 18 Wesley Road, Pukekohe.
If you wish to attend, or participate via remote access, please email your request to: BNNZ@soilcarbon.org.nz
For more information about biochar please see:
Plans for the Inaugural General Meeting of Biochar Network New Zealand are progressing. The IGM will take place on 14 February 2019 in Pukekohe. Live streaming technology will be used to allow folk from around the country to attend the meeting remotely. All attendees (physical or remote) will be required to preregister so that we can adequately cater for numbers.
A press release is being prepared and, as part of this, a ‘BNNZ Mission Statement’ may be helpful. Your comments or alternative text on the draft below would be appreciated…
BNNZ: promote and support activities leading to widespread awareness, understanding and acceptance of biochar in New Zealand, leading to a diverse range of production and application scenarios for the benefit of New Zealand’s agriculture, industry and environment.
- aInstitute of Environmental Science and Technology, Zhejiang University, 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, China
- bCallaghan Innovation Research Ltd, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand
- cSchool of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang A and F University, Lin’an, Hangzhou 311300, China
Although nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from composting
contribute to the accelerated greenhouse effect, it is difficult to
implement practical methods to mitigate these emissions. In this study,
the effects of biochar amendment during pig manure composting were
investigated to evaluate the inter-relationships between N2O
emission and the abundance of denitrifying bacteria. Analytical results
from two pilot composting treatments with (PWSB, pig manure + wood chips
+ sawdust + biochar) or without (PWS, pig manure + wood chips +
sawdust) biochar (3% w/w) demonstrated that biochar amendment not only
lowered NO2 –-N concentrations but also lowered the total N2O
emissions from pig manure composting, especially during the later
stages. Quantification of functional genes involved in denitrification
and Spearman rank correlations matrix revealed that the N2O
emission rates correlated with the abundance of nosZ, nirK, and nirS
genes. Biochar-amended pig manure had a higher pH and a lower moisture
content. Biochar amendment altered the abundance of denitrifying
bacteria significantly; less N2O-producing and more N2O-consuming bacteria were present in the PWSB, and this significantly lowered N2O
emissions in the maturation phase. Together, the results demonstrate
that biochar amendment could be a novel greenhouse gas mitigation
strategy during pig manure composting.
A thoughtful new essay on climate change… and a mention on biochar.
Peter has a long history with biochar in NZ, dating back (at least) to the his 2007 paper ‘Biochar and bio-energy production for climate change mitigation‘ when he was with MAF. This paper is still quoted extensively in other research papers and is listed in the wikipedia references on biochar.
I’m no expert on the history of biochar interest in NZ, but I believe Peter was involved with early govt work that led to initial investment in NZBRC.
Investigating the Influence of Biochar Particle Size and Depth of Placement on Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions from Simulated Urine Patches
Ainul Faizah Mahmud 1,2,*, Marta Camps-Arbestain 1 and Mike Hedley 1
1 New Zealand Biochar Research Centre, Massey University, Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North 4442,
New Zealand; M.Camps@massey.ac.nz (M.C.-A.); M.Hedley@massey.ac.nz (M.H.)
2 Department of Land Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
* Correspondence: A.F.Mahmud@massey.ac.nz or email@example.com
Received: 30 September 2018; Accepted: 1 November 2018; Published: 7 November 2018
The use of biochar reduces nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from soils under specific conditions yet the mechanisms through which interactions occur are not fully understood. The objectives of this glasshouse study were to investigate the effect of (i) biochar particle size, and (ii) the impact of soil inversion—through simulated mouldboard ploughing—on N2O emissions from soils to which cattle urine was applied. Pine biochar (550 C) with two different particle sizes (<2 mm and >4 mm) was mixed either into the top soil layer at the original 0–10 cm depth in the soil column or at 10–20 cm depth by inverting the top soil to simulate ploughing. Nitrous oxide emissions were monitored for every two to three days, up to seven weeks during the summer trial and measurements were repeated during the autumn trial. We found that the use of large particle size biochar in the inverted soil had significant impact on increasing the cumulative N2O emissions in autumn trial, possibly through changes in the water hydraulic conductivity of the soil column and increased water retention at the boundary between soil layers. This study thus highlights the importance of the role of biochar particle size and the method of biochar placement on soil physical properties and the implications of these on N2O emissions.
Dr Pia Piroschka Otte is visiting NZ (again) and will be based in Otago University for about one month from 22 November. She has kindly provided a copy of a new research publication which can be shared upon request…
“Biochar is charcoal produced from feedstock under pyrolysis. It has gained interests among researchers in recent years because of its agronomic and environmental benefits. It is considered to increase soil fertility and crop productivity, and biochar might play an important role as a climate mitigation tool that is able to capture carbon in the soil. However, although research has focused on the chemical, biological, and technical aspects of biochar, we seem to be far away from the implementation of a functioning biochar system. One key aspect needed for the actual use of biochar technologies is increased awareness and emphasis on the social and organizational aspects of its implementation. As there are no functional markets for the services and products needed to ‘produce’ a biochar system, political and market devices are needed. This paper contributes to this debate by introducing a socio-technical framework that investigates the implementation of different biochar technologies in Norway. Based on this socio-technical system framework, we discuss necessary components of a sustainable biochar socio-technical system, and we outline variations of this system based on different levels of biochar production scaling.”
A 132 page PDF of the conference proceedings can be downloaded from this link.
“This report contains the presentations from speakers at the Australia and New Zealand Biochar Conference 2018. The ANZBC18 working group report this is the best conference program to date, with a mix of international and national keynote speakers, presenters and poster presenters. It aims to facilitate understanding of what makes a biochar business model viable economically, environmentally and socially. Conference delegates heard a variety of speakers from Genxing Pan who gave an overview of biochar in China to Professor Stephen Joseph, UNSW reporting on ‘Biochar A Report on World Wide Commercialisation, Product Development and recent Research Findings’. Other keynote speakers included:
- Doug Pow, Powbrook – Productivity gains from biologically active soil initiated through biocharactivated compost in an avocado orchard
- Professor Nanthi Bolan, Newcastle University – Biochar-nutrient interactions in soil in relation to agricultural production and environmental protection
- Dr Lukas van Zwieten, NSW DPI – Overview of 2017/18 Biochar Research
- Peter Burgess & Ian Stanley, Rainbow Bee Eater – An update from Rainbow Bee Eater on the application of their ECHO2 technology by Holla Fresh and Van Schaik’s BioGro in South Australia.
- Lotta Ek, Stockholm Biochar Project – Waste Management for Climate Positive Energy Production and Indestructible Urban Soils
- Mike McGuire and Scott Morgan, Governor’s Office of California – The opportunities for Biochar and how do we unlock the value?
- Jennifer Lauber Patterson, Frontier Impact Group & Everett Hale, Reep Development LLC U.S. – The opportunity to develop renewable fuels, biochar and wood vinegar from waste streams
- Professor Tim McAllister, Agriculture & Agrifood Canada – Potential applications of Biochar from mouth to manure in ruminant production
- Dr Annette Cowie, NSW DPI – Opportunities for biochar as a solution to environmental challenges.
This event was designed for growers, farmers, foresters, policy makers, biochar producers, industry professionals and entrepreneurs. Students and interested citizens also benefited from this event and the availability of these proceedings.”
Dennis Enright reported on some of the background to this project in the first biochar workshop report in August (here). Its great to see some main-stream media coverage in NZ. Click on the image for a link to short TV1 news report…
“A central Otago winery is pioneering a new waste reduction technology.
The project reuses old vines by breaking them down to a unique form of charcoal, which can be used instead of fertiliser.
These blocks are called biochar, an ancient technology once used by Amazonian Indians to enhance their soil.
Now its been adopted by the wine industry for sustainable wine-growing, acting as a fertiliser while also reducing carbon emissions.
“Some of the areas that we’re adding to have been mined from the gold miners in the late 1800’s, so those soils are pretty bare. If we can add a lot of nutrients into the soil and a lot of moisture into the soil, the vines are going to do better and it’s going to be better for the soil as well,” says James Dicey from Mt Difficulty Wines.
The old vines and other organic waste are burned in a specially made oven for 5 hours, while the temperature and air intake is carefully monitored. This is then cooled down and becomes biochar.
“Once the Biochar’s ready it’s mixed with this compost produced from the vineyards grape waste…then the mixture is spread onto the vines,” says Jess Cartwright from Bannockburn.
Mount Difficulty is leading this technology that’s helping our environment, and has just spent $50,000 on the project.
“We have to lead the way as farmers, we have to show that we are responsible for our environment, that we really do care for our environment,” says Mr Dicey.”
It is great to see regional reports on biochar activity around NZ.
Click on the image blow for the link to the story.